This guide lists census reports that contain data on Negroes, Blacks and African-Americans, and provide links to full-text copies. Many reports are not specifically about African-Americans, but contain race information in the data. If you find one not listed, please let me know. Please feel free to contact me with any questions or corrections.
In addition to population and housing censuses, race information can also be found in some agricultural census reports. More data is contained in twentieth century reports and bulletins on pauperism; the deaf, blind and insane; education; employment and other topics.
Many states conducted their own census surveys throughout history. You can usually find these through the state historical societies.
Types of Links
Combination of full-text documents, summaries, analyses, reports and information on how race has been classified in the census over the years.
ERIC (Educational Resources Information Center)
Full text of documents
WorldCat is a catalog of books worldwide. If full-text is not available online, this catalog will show you libraries near you that own the book. You can then request by inter-library loan through your local library.
The Statistical Abstract of the United States has been published since 1878. It is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other federal agencies and private organizations.
BLS - Bureau of Labor Statistics
Though not part of the census bureau, this government agency has publications dealing with labor and employment.
Office of Education
Produced reports on education. Some are full-text.