Overview - 1890 Census
Index of Questions
Report of the population of the United States Census of Population and Housing
Volume 4: Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States
Part 1: Analysis and Tables
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 101.1 MB]
Part 2: Cities of 100,000 population and upward
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 102.2 MB]
Part 3: Statistics of Deaths
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 79.8 MB]
Part 4: Statistics of Deaths
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 81.5 MB]
Volume 5: Reports on the statistics of agriculture in the United States, agriculture by irrigation in the western part of the United States, and statistics of fisheries in the United States.
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 165.2 MB]
United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.Arno Press, 1968. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.
Negro Population of Fifty Cities: 1880 to 1930 Release N-34. 76 pages.
United States., & McKenney, N. D. R. (1979). The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports, Special Studies, Series P-23, No. 80. 270 pages.
Education of the Negro, 1869-1903. Office of Education. 76 pages.
Wines, F. H., & United States. (1895). Report on crime, pauperism and benevolence in the United States at the eleventh census, 1890. Washington, D.C: G.P.O. [Volume III] 411 pages.
Hunt, W. C. & United States. (1896). Special census report on the occupations of the populations of the United States at the eleventh census: 1890. Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office. 127 pages.
An 1890 map illustrating the distribution of the Black population in the United States. (link)
The 1890 census was the first to use punchcards and an electrical tabulation system. (link)
Six generations. (link)
The Holerith tabulation system transferred information from the census schedules to paper punch cards using a pantograph. The punch cards measured 3.25 by 7.375 inches and contained 12 rows of 20 columns. (Cards used in later censuses had additional columns to collect more data.) Each position in a row and column corresponded to a specific data entry on the census schedule. Census Bureau clerks using pantographs could prepare approximately 500 cards per day. (link)
Negro population of Georgia by counties. 1890. Diagram shows map of Georgia with colors to mark the number of African Americans in each county. (link)
Interior of Negro store, Buffalo, N.Y. (link)
Five female Negro officers of Women's League, Newport, R.I. (link)
City population 1890 (link)