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Negro, Black and African-American Census Reports: 1880

Tenth Census - 1880

Overview - 1880 Census
Census Bureau

Index of Questions
Census Bureau

Census of Population and Housing
Census Bureau 

Volume 1. Statistics of the Population of the United States
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 147.5 MB]

Volumes 11 & 12. Report on Mortality and Vital Statistics.
Part I, Statistics of deaths by States, principal cities, etc...
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 84.3 MB]

Part II, Statistics of deaths by locality, cause, etc. and portfolio of 36 plants and 38 diagrams
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 97.6 MB

Volumes 18 & 19. Report on the Social Statistics of Cities.
Part I: The New England and Middle Atlantic States
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 109.3 MB]

Part II: The Southern and Western States
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 95.5 MB]

Volume 21. Report on the defective, dependent, and delinquent classes of the population of the United States
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 77.7 MB]

Compendium of the Tenth Census
Part I - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 67.1 MB]
Part II - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 47.0 MB]

United States. (1883). [Census reports] Tenth census. June 1, 1880. Govt. Print. Off.
Hathi Trust

Education of the Negro, 1869-1903. Office of Education. 76 pages
Hathi Trust

Negro Population of Fifty Cities: 1880 to 1930 Release N-34. 1 page

United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.
Hathi Trust 

United States., & McKenney, N. D. R. (1979). The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports, Special Studies, Series P-23, No. 80. 270 pages.
ERIC (full-text)

Statistical Abstract

1880 - 1881 - 1882 - 1883 - 1884-1885 - 1886 no digital copy - 1887 - 1888 - 1889


map of 1880 population

When the first decennial census of the United States was taken in 1790, the new nation was lightly populated, containing only a handful of port cities with more than 10,000 people. In the two centuries since then, the nation's population has grown many times over, expanded westward, and become far more urban. The spread of cities across the American landscape is one of the more compelling stories of demographic growth and change. (link)

African American boy seated on an ox-drawn cart. 1884

Negro ox-team, Thomasville, Geo. 1884. African American boy seated on an ox-drawn cart. (link)