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Negro, Black and African-American Census Reports: 1830

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Fifth Census - 1830

Overview - 1830 Census
Census Bureau

Index of Questions
Census Bureau

(1832). Abstract of the returns of the fifth census: Showing the number of free people, the number of slaves, the federal or representative number, and the aggregate of each county of each state of the United States. Washington: Printed by Duff Green.
Free whites male and female: under 5, 5-9, 10-14, 15-19, 20-29, 30-39, 40-49, 50-59, 60-69, 70-79, 80-89, 90-99, 100 and older. Slaves and free colored: male and female: under 10, 10-23, 24-35, 36-54, 55-99, 100 and older. 53 pages.
Government Printing Office
Full Document [4.9 MB]

(1990). Fifth census, or, enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, 1830: To which is prefixed a schedule of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States, taken according to the acts of 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820. 165 pages.

Census of Population and Housing
Census Bureau 

United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.
Hathi Trust 

McKenney, N. D. R. (1979). The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports, Special Studies, Series P-23, No. 80. 270 pages.
ERIC (full-text)

Black Demographic Data, 1790-1860: A Sourcebook. Westport Conn: Greenwood Press. 


an excerpt from a 1830 census schedule.

This image shows an excerpt from a 1830 census schedule. (link)

map of city population 1830
City population, 1830 (link)