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Overview - 1870 Census
Index of Questions
Census of Population and Housing
Volume 1. The statistics of the population of the United States, embracing the tables of race, nationality, sex, selected ages, and occupations. To which are added the statistics of school attendance and illiteracy, of schools, libraries, newspapers, periodicals, churches, pauperism and crime, and of areas, families, and dwellings...
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 154.4 MB]
Volume 2. The vital statistics of the United States, embracing the tables of deaths, births, sex, and age, to which are added the statistics of the blind, the deaf, and dumb, the insane, and the idiotic...
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 68.6 MB]
Statistical Atlas of the United States based on the results of the Ninth Census in 1870 with contributions from many eminent men of science and several departments of the government...
Library of Congress
A compendium of the Ninth Census (June 1, 1870) Statistics on: race, nationality, illiteracy, newspapers, churches, crime, occupations, disabilities, indebtedness; agriculture, manufactures, mining & fishing.
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 106.5 MB]
Vital Statistics of the United States: Volume II.
Statistical Atlas of the United States.
Library of Congress
Education of the Negro, 1869-1903. Office of Education. 76 pages.
United States., & McKenney, N. D. R. (1979). The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports, Special Studies, Series P-23, No. 80. 270 pages.
This colorized sketch titled, "The Census Taker," was published ca. 1870. (link)
As part of his Statistical Atlas of the United States, Superintendent of the Census Francis Walker produced, in 1874, a map that showed the distribution and density of people across the continental United States. (link)
A Negro camp meeting in the South (link)
American sketches: A Negro congregation at Washington 1876 (link)
City Population, 1870 (link)