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Journalism - Strategic Communication

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APA Style Basics

What is APA style?

APA citation style refers to the rules and standards established by the American Psychological Association for documenting sources used in scholarly work. Both in-text citations and a reference list are required for writing in APA style.

What is the general rule of APA in-text citation?

APA style uses author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Shakespeare, 1603), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.

What is an APA reference list?

Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper, which provides the necessary information for readers to locate and look for any sources you cite. For every in-text citation there should be a corresponding citation in the reference list, and vice versa.

(Sources: Purdue Online Writing Lab,

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