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Prices and Wages by Decade: 2010-2019

Links to government documents and primary sources listing retail prices for products and services, as well as wages for common occupations.

Wages in the United States, 2010-2019

Wages by sex, race, etc. in the United States, 2010-2019

Wages by occupation and industry 2010-2019

Non-wage sources of income, 2010-2019

Inflation and buying power, 2010s

What is the Consumer Price Index (CPI)?

"The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of consumer goods and services" with respect to a given base year with value 100. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

What is inflation?

As measured with CPI, it is the percent change in the CPI between two different years, showing the "annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services". Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

CPI Inflation Formula: CPIx-1-CPIxCPIx*100

"The Consumer Price Index (CPI) is a measure of the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a representative basket of consumer goods and services" with respect to a given base year with value 100. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics

Prices in the United States, 2010-2019

PRICES for FOOD, 2010s

PRICES for HOUSING and REAL ESTATE, 2010s

CAR PRICES, 2010s

GASOLINE and DIESEL FUEL PRICES

COST of a COLLEGE EDUCATION, 2010s

In 2010, 50.6% of people aged 18-21 were enrolled in college (U.S. Census) and 29.9% of people aged 25 years or older had completed 4 years (U.S. Census, Table A-2).

ENTERTAINMENT PRICES, 2010-2019

MISCELLANEOUS PRICES, 2010s

Consumer income and expenditures, 2010-2019

Quotable facts for the 2010-2019 decade

In the United States...

  • Minimum wage was $7.25 per hour for the entire 2010s decade. Source: U.S. Dept of Labor
  • The personal income per capita in the US in 2010 was $40,584. Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  • Homes had a median value of $179,900 in 2010. Source: U.S. Census Bureau
  • College education at 4-year, public universities cost an average of $17,722 for tuition, fees, room & board in 2010-11. Source: U.S. Dept of Education
  • New cars cost an average of $23,769 in 2010. Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis
  • There were 1.14 vehicles per licensed driver in the US in 2010. Source: U.S. Dept of Energy
  • 19.5% of U.S. households in 2010 had 3 or more vehicles, compared to 2.5% in 1960. Source: U.S. Dept of Energy
  • Gasoline averaged $2.79 per gallon in 2010. Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration
  • Coffee averaged $3.85 per pound in July 2010 (use drop-down box to select year). Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 2010, out-of-pocket health expenditures averaged $970.23 per person. This was 13.7% of the total $7,082 per capita charges for health care.  Insurance paid the remaining 77.9%. Source: NCHS
  • The average annual per-capita health expenditure was 56.65 times more in 2010 than 1960. Compare this to the broader inflation rate of 7.395 for this same time period. Source: NCHS and U.S. BLS

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Reference service is available Monday - Friday, 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Marie Concannon, Government Information Librarian
Government Documents Department
106B Ellis Library (1st Floor East)
University of Missouri, Columbia
Phone (573) 882-0748