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Prices and Wages by Decade: 1930-1939

Links to U. S. government documents listing retail prices for typical consumer purchases, and wages for common occupations. All data is for the United States unless specifically indicated.

Wages in the United States, 1930-1939

 

WAGES by RACE

Wages by Occupation / Industry, 1930-1939

Manufacturing Wages, 1930-1939

WAGES in MANUFACTURING, 1930s -- General sources

See tabs above for specific industries

WAGES in FOOD MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in CLOTHING MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in TEXTILE MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in LEATHER MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in DRUGS and TOILETRIES MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in CIGARETTE MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in PAPER BOX MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in FURNITURE MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in RADIO MANUFACTURING, 1930s

WAGES in AMMUNITION and EXPLOSIVES MANUFACTURING, 1930s

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Women's wages - 1930-1939

Wage reports for individual states - 1930s

WAGES in the DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, 1930s

WAGES in HAWAII, 1930s

WAGES in MASSACHUSETTS, 1930s

WAGES in MISSOURI, 1930s

WAGES in NORTH CAROLINA, 1930s

WAGES in NEW YORK, 1930s

WAGES in OHIO, 1930s

WAGES in TEXAS, 1930s

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Wages in Foreign Countries, 1930-1939

Wages in MULTIPLE COUNTRIES, 1930s

See tabs above for individual countries.

Wages in ARGENTINA, 1930s

Wages in FRANCE, 1930s

Wages in GERMANY, 1930s

Wages in GREAT BRITAIN, 1930s

Wages in INDO-CHINA, 1930s

Wages in JAPAN, 1930s

Wages in MEXICO, 1930s

Wages in PALESTINE, 1930s

Wages in the SOVIET UNION, 1930s

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Family income, 1930s

"It should be emphasized that income tax returns are frequently but erroneously used as an indication of the number of families at different income levels..... only about 4 million persons file returns whereas there are 30 million families in the United States."  -- Daniel Starch, Ph.D., writing in 1930 (Source)

Prices in the United States, 1930-1939

PRICES for FOOD, 1930s

PRICES for MERCHANDISE, 1930s

PRICES for HOUSING and REAL ESTATE, 1930s

PRICES for HOUSEHOLD UTILITIES, 1930s

PRICES for SERVICES, 1930s

PRICES for TRAVEL and TRANSPORTATION, 1930s

COST of a COLLEGE EDUCATION, 1930s

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Cost of Living and Consumer Expenditures, 1930s

In addition to the links below, we highly recommend the book  America's Capacity to Consume, published in 1934 by the Brookings Institution.  It is unparalleled in its reporting of personal and household income as well as consumer expenditures in the late 1920s and early 1930s.  

Prices in Foreign Countries, 1930-1939

Sources showing prices in MULTIPLE COUNTRIES, 1930s

Click the tabs above for single countries.

Prices in CENTRAL AMERICA and the CARIBBEAN, 1930s

Prices in FRANCE, 1930s

Prices in the SOVIET UNION, 1930s

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Buying power of historic wages expressed in today's dollars

Timeline -- Major Economic Events 1930-1938

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1930

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1931

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1932

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1933

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1934

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1935

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1936

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1938

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935" (with 1936-1938 supplement)
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

Legend

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Reference service is available Monday - Friday, 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Marie Concannon, Government Information Librarian
Government Documents Department
106B Ellis Library (1st Floor East)
University of Missouri, Columbia
Phone (573) 882-0748