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Prices and Wages by Decade: 1910-1919

Links to government documents and primary sources listing retail prices for products and services, as well as wages for common occupations.

Wages in the United States, 1910-1919


 

WAGES by RACE

WAGES BY OCCUPATION / INDUSTRY

Note: For detail on job duties, check the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Descriptions of Occupations, published 1918.

Manufacturing wages, 1910-1919

WAGES in FOOD MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in CLOTHING MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in TEXTILE MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in FURNITURE MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in CIGAR MANUFACTURING, 1910s

Teacher salaries by location. 1910-1919

See tabs above for individual states

TEACHER SALARIES in GEORGIA, 1910s

TEACHER SALARIES in TEXAS, 1910s

Wages by state, 1910-1919

WAGES in CALIFORNIA, 1910s

WAGES in MASSACHUSETTS, 1910s

WAGES in MISSOURI, 1910s

WAGES in MICHIGAN, 1910s

WAGES in NEW YORK, 1910s

WAGES in OHIO, 1910s

WAGES in VERMONT, 1910s

WAGES in PENNSYLVANIA, 1910s

Women's wages by state, 1910-1919.

Army Nurse CorpsU. S. Army nurses earned $720-$960 annually in 1918

 

Click tabs above for individual states.

Because women's wages varied a great deal around the country in the 1910s, most wage data is reported by state.  In addition to the state-by-state links below, see also the links further above for school teachers, clothing manufacture and laundry work, as women workers were heavily concentrated in those jobs.  See list of the most common occupations for women in 1910 and 1920, outside of agricultural work.

WOMEN'S WAGES in CALIFORNIA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in WASHINGTON, D.C., 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in INDIANA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in KANSAS, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in MARYLAND, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in MASSACHUSETTS, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in NEW YORK, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in OREGON, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in PENNSYLVANIA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in WASHINGTON, 1910s

MINIMUM WAGE for WOMEN, 1910s

International wages by country, 1910-1919

Wages in ARGENTINA, 1910s

WAGES in AUSTRALIA, 1910s

See tabs above for additional countries

Wages in AUSTRIA, 1910s

Wages in CANADA, 1910s

WAGES in CHILE, 1910s

Wages in FRANCE, 1910s

Wages in GERMANY, 1910s

Wages in GREAT BRITAIN, 1910s

Wages in INDIA, 1910s

Wages in IRELAND, 1910s

Wages in JAPAN, 1910s

Wages in POLAND, 1910s

Wages in Russia, 1910s

Wages in SWEDEN, 1910s

Prices and wages analysis, 1910s

Critical analysis of government methods for collecting and reporting wage data in the 1910s.

Significant legislation about wages, 1910s-1920s

Prices in the United States, 1910-1919

PRICES for FOOD, 1910s

PRICES for MERCHANDISE, 1910s

COST to RENT, 1910s

HOME PLANS with ESTIMATED COSTS

Note: Some of these home plan catalogs estimate only the cost of materials based on prices in a particular city.  The ones that do include labor costs generally add disclaimers based on fluctuating labor rates. The front matter of each catalog usually includes some explanation.

FARMS and LAND PRICES

HOUSEHOLD UTILITIES

COST of HEALTH CARE, 1910s

COST of HOSPITALIZATION, 1910s

PHYSICIAN'S FEES, 1910s

COST of DRUGS, REMEDIES and HEALTH AIDS, 1910s

RELATED COSTS

PRICES for COMMUNICATION, 1910s

TRAVEL and TRANSPORTATION PRICES, 1910s

AUTOMOBILES

GASOLINE PRICES

TRAIN FARE

STEAMSHIP FARE

HOTEL RATES

LUGGAGE

PRICES for ANIMALS, 1910s

COST OF COLLEGE or VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, 1910s

In the 1910s decade, 4% to 6% of people aged 18-21 enrolled in college. Source: U.S. Bureau of Education.

PRICES for SERVICES, 1910s

Cost of living and consumer expenditures, 1910s

There were a great number of articles and books about the cost of living published in the 1910s.  The bibliography published in 1919 lists quite a few of them.  Most should be freely available in the HathiTrust Digital Library.  Let us know if you need assistance finding what you need.
 

COST OF LIVING in CITIES and TOWNS

COST OF LIVING on FARMS

Buying power of past wages expressed in today's dollars

Analysis - Prices in the 1910s

International prices by country, 1910-1919


Click the tabs above for single countries.

Prices in ARGENTINA, 1910s

Prices in AUSTRIA, 1910s

Prices in CANADA, 1910s

Prices in FRANCE, 1910s

Prices in GERMANY, 1910s

Prices in GREAT BRITAIN, 1910s

Prices in HUNGARY, 1910s

Prices in INDIA, 1910s

Prices in IRELAND, 1910s

Prices in JAPAN, 1910s

Prices in MEXICO, 1910s

Prices in POLAND, 1910s

Prices in RUSSIA, 1910s

Prices in SPAIN, 1910s

Quotable facts for the 1910-1919 decade

In the United States...

  • Bread cost an average of 5¢ per pound in 1912. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)
  • Milk cost an average of 17¢ per half gallon in 1910. Source: U.S. BLS
  • Eggs cost an average of 34¢ per dozen in 1910. Source: U.S. BLS
  • Coffee cost an average of 27¢ per pound in 1910. Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture 
  • Carpenters earned 50¢ per hour in 1910 in Washington, D.C. Source: U.S. BLS
  • Engineers earned an average of $884 in their first year out of college.  Source: Engineering News, Sep 1915.
  • Carpenter's tool kits cost $15.30. Source: Sears Spring 1910 catalog
  • Men's work boots cost $1.35 a pair. Source: Sears Spring 1910 catalog
  • A gallon of gasoline cost an average of 19.8¢ in 1910-1914. This increased to 28.3¢ by 1919. Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture

Timeline -- Major Economic Events of the 1910s

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1910

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1911

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1912

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1913

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1914

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1915

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1916

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1917

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1918

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1919

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

Legend

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