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Prices and Wages by Decade: 1910-1919

Links to government documents and primary sources listing retail prices for products and services, as well as wages for common occupations.

Wages in the United States, 1910-1919

WAGES by RACE

WAGES BY OCCUPATION / INDUSTRY

Note: For detail on job duties, check the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics' Descriptions of Occupations, published 1918.

Manufacturing Wages, 1910-1919

WAGES in MANUFACTURING, 1910s -- General sources

See tabs above for specific industries

WAGES in FOOD MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in CLOTHING MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in TEXTILE MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in FURNITURE MANUFACTURING, 1910s

WAGES in CIGAR MANUFACTURING, 1910s

Teacher salaries by state, county and city. 1910-1919

TEACHER SALARIES in GEORGIA, 1910s

TEACHER SALARIES in TEXAS, 1910s

Wages by State, 1910-1919

WAGES in CALIFORNIA, 1910s

WAGES in MASSACHUSETTS, 1910s

WAGES in MISSOURI, 1910s

WAGES in MICHIGAN, 1910s

WAGES in NEW YORK, 1910s

WAGES in OHIO, 1910s

WAGES in VERMONT, 1910s

WAGES in PENNSYLVANIA, 1910s

Women's Wages by State, 1910-1919.

Army Nurse CorpsArmy nurses earned $720-$960 annually in 1918

WOMEN'S WAGES in MULTIPLE STATES, 1910s

See tabs above for individual states or minimum wage law.

Because women's wages varied a great deal around the country in the 1910s, most wage data is reported by state.  In addition to the state-by-state links below, see also the links further above for school teachers, clothing manufacture and laundry work, as women workers were heavily concentrated in those jobs.  See list of the most common occupations for women in 1910 and 1920, outside of agricultural work.

WOMEN'S WAGES in CALIFORNIA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in WASHINGTON, D.C., 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in INDIANA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in KANSAS, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in MARYLAND, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in MASSACHUSETTS, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in NEW YORK, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in OREGON, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in PENNSYLVANIA, 1910s

WOMEN'S WAGES in WASHINGTON, 1910s

MINIMUM WAGE for WOMEN, 1910s

Wages in Foreign Countries, 1910-1919

Wages in MULTIPLE COUNTRIES, 1910s

Click the tabs above for single countries.

Wages in ARGENTINA, 1910s

Wages in AUSTRIA, 1910s

Wages in CANADA, 1910s

Wages in FRANCE, 1910s

Wages in GERMANY, 1910s

Wages in GREAT BRITAIN, 1910s

Wages in INDIA, 1910s

Wages in IRELAND, 1910s

Wages in JAPAN, 1910s

Wages in POLAND, 1910s

Wages in Russia, 1910s

Wages in SWEDEN, 1910s

Analysis - Wages and Income in the 1910s

Critical analysis of government methods for collecting and reporting wage data in the 1910s.

Important Legislation about Wages, 1910s-1920s

Prices in the United States, 1910-1919

PRICES for FOOD, 1910s

PRICES for MERCHANDISE, 1910s

PRICES for LAND, HOUSING and UTILITIES, 1910s

HOME PLANS with ESTIMATED COSTS

Note: Some of these home plan catalogs estimate only the cost of materials based on prices in a particular city.  The ones that do include labor costs generally add disclaimers based on fluctuating labor rates. The front matter of each catalog usually includes some explanation.

FARMS and LAND PRICES

HOUSEHOLD UTILITIES

COST of HEALTH CARE, 1910s

PRICES for COMMUNICATION, 1910s

TRAVEL and TRANSPORTATION PRICES, 1910s

AUTOMOBILES

GASOLINE PRICES

TRAIN FARE

STEAMSHIP FARE

HOTEL RATES

LUGGAGE

PRICES for ANIMALS, 1910s

COST OF COLLEGE or VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, 1910s

PRICES for SERVICES, 1910s

Cost of Living / Expenditures Analysis - 1910s

There were a great number of articles and books about the cost of living published in the 1910s.  The bibliography published in 1919 lists quite a few of them.  Most should be freely available in the HathiTrust Digital Library.  Let us know if you need assistance finding what you need.
 

COST OF LIVING in CITIES and TOWNS

COST OF LIVING on FARMS

Buying power of historic wages expressed in today's dollars

Analysis - Prices in the 1910s

Prices in Foreign Countries, 1910-1919

Sources showing prices in MULTIPLE COUNTRIES, 1910s

Click the tabs above for single countries.

Prices in ARGENTINA, 1910s

Prices in AUSTRIA, 1910s

Prices in CANADA, 1910s

Prices in FRANCE, 1910s

Prices in GERMANY, 1910s

Prices in GREAT BRITAIN, 1910s

Prices in HUNGARY, 1910s

Prices in INDIA, 1910s

Prices in IRELAND, 1910s

Prices in JAPAN, 1910s

Prices in MEXICO, 1910s

Prices in POLAND, 1910s

Prices in RUSSIA, 1910s

Prices in SPAIN, 1910s

Quotable facts for the 1910-1919 decade

In the United States...

  • In 1912, bread cost an average of $0.05 per pound. Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 1910, milk cost an average of $0.17 per ½ gallon. Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 1910, eggs cost an average of $0.34 per dozen. Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 1910, sugar cost an average of $0.30 per 5lbs. Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 1910, flour cost an average of $0.18 per 5lbs. Source: U.S. BLS 
  • In 1910, carpenters earned $0.50 per hour in Washington, D.C. Source: U.S. BLS
  • In 1015, engineers made an average of $884 their first year out of college, but those with more experience could earn up to an average of $8,006. Source: Engineering News, September 1915
  • In 1910, a carpenter's tool kit cost $15.30. Source: Sears Spring 1910 Catalog
  • In 1910, work boots cost $1.35. Source: Sears Spring 1910 Catalog
  • In 1910, the average cost of a passenger train ticket per mile was $0.0195. Source: Section of Transportation Service
  • In 1910, the average cost of a gallon of gasoline was 19.8¢. Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture 
    • In 1919, the average cost of a gallon of gasoline was 28.3¢. Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture
  • In 1917, nurses in Missouri hospitals made at least $20 per month. Source: Official Manual of the State of Missouri 
  • In 1910, teachers in Missouri made a maximum of $200 per month. Source: Official Manual of the State of Missouri 

Timeline -- Major Economic Events of the 1910s

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1910

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1911

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1912

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1913

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1914

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1915

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1916

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1917

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1918

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

1919

"75 Years of American Finance: A Graphic Presentation 1861-1935"
Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Saint Louis.
(Click image for detail)

Legend

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