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Primary Sources in African-American History

Tips, techniques & links to help you find answers for your research papers & projects

U.S. Census - Special Considerations

The above library guide, created in 2017, is your best go-to source for finding census data related to African Americans. During the period of slavery, enslaved persons were counted as property and thus, included on different types of census documents. Racial classifications of persons also changed over time, adding different challenges. This guide brings together the different census documents that have counted African Americans over the years.