Final NIH Policy for Data Management and Sharing Released October 29, 2020; Effective January 25, 2023
Previously, the NIH only required grants with $500,000 per year or more in direct costs to provide a brief explanation of how and when data resulting from the grant would be shared.
In NIH's view, all data should be considered for data sharing. Data should be made as widely and freely available as possible while safeguarding the privacy of participants, and protecting confidential and proprietary data.
The 2023 policy is entirely new. Beginning in 2023, ALL grant applications or renewals that generate Scientific Data must now include a detailed plan for how you will manage and share data during the entire funded period. This includes information on data storage, access policies/procedures, preservation, metadata standards, distribution approaches.
The term Scientific Data is defined in the policy as "The recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as of sufficient quality to validate and replicate research findings, regardless of whether the data are used to support scholarly publications. Scientific data do not include laboratory notebooks, preliminary analyses, completed case report forms, drafts of scientific papers, plans for future research, peer reviews, communications with colleagues, or physical objects, such as laboratory specimens."
You must provide this information in a data management and sharing plan (DMSP).
The Data Sharing Plan follows the Research Plan Section and does not count toward the page limit.
The DMSP will be assessed by NIH Program Staff (though peer reviewers will be able to comment on the proposed data management budget). The Institute, Center, or Office (ICO)-approved plan becomes a Term and Condition of the Notice of Award.
NIH encourages the use of established, subject-specific repositories. To select a repository relevant to your data consider:
For additional guidance, see NIH supplemental information on Selecting a Repository
In a supplemental document of two pages or less, address the following six sections:
Costs to execute the DMSP can be included in the budget as a line item and a brief summary of the DMSP must be provided in the budget justification. Allowable costs include labor for data curation, preservation, de-identification, and more. The NIH has a provided a list of allowable and unallowable costs.
Any costs related to complying with the policy must be paid for up-front during the performance period. For example, costs for long-term data preservation must be budgeted for in the proposal and paid before the end of the grant. You may find the NIMH Data Archive (NDA) cost estimation worksheet or the publication Forecasting Costs for Preserving, Archiving, and Promoting Access to Biomedical Data useful.