It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
MO Dept. of Transportation There are regional maps as well as a statewide map. There are inset maps for large municipalities around the state on each of the documents. The "Central Area - Jefferson City" includes Columbia.
Cities other than Columbia
The state traffic map for Missouri includes major urban area traffic patterns. For more detail, contact the city of interest. Check with the city's planning department or police department to see who holds traffic data.