Evidence-based medicine (EBM) is the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values.
Guyatt, G et al. A new approach to teaching the practice of medicine. JAMA 1992;268:2420-2425
Convert need for information into clinical question
Find the best evidence
Critically appraise the evidence
Integrate evidence with clinical expertise and client values
Evaluate the process: how did it work for this patient?
PICO (alternately known as PICOT) is a mnemonic used to describe elements of a good clinical question. It stands for:
Many people find that the PICO process helps them clarify their question, which in turn makes it easier to find an answer.
Use PICO to generate terms - you'll use some of the terms in your literature search for the current best evidence, and you'll use them in evaluating the information you do find.