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Health Sciences 3900

Resources for HS3900: Introduction to Research Methods

APA Style

The APA site has useful examples and tutorials on how to cite your sources and how to format your paper.  The Purdue OWL APA Style Guide provides helpful instructions on formatting in APA.  The tutors at the Mizzou Writing Center can give you assistance on your writing as well as your references.

Copies of the APA Publication Manual book are available at the Health Sciences Library, Ellis Library, and the Journalism Library (see link below).

Citation Examples

In-text citations are the citations within your paper.  Each of your in-text citations will have a corresponding reference in the References section at the end of your paper.  Below are basic examples for journal articles.  For more examples and details, see the APA Publication Manual or the Perdue OWL site.

In-text Citation: 

Basic format:  (Author, Year)

(Bursztyn, 2019)

(Farhadian et al., 2021)


Basic format:  Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodicalvolume number(issue number), pages.

Bursztyn, M. (2019). Daytime napping masks dipping. American Journal of Hypertension, 32(7),e1.

Farhadian, N., Khazaie, H., Nami, M., Khazaie, S. (2021). The role of daytime napping in declarative memory performance: A systematic review. Sleep Medicine, 84,134-141.

Create a Citation...

Create citations in  APA or MLA formats for books, journal articles, book chapters, etc.

Citation Tools

Citation management tools capture citation information about each book and article you are citing in order to help you create bibliographies. AND, they work  with Microsoft Word to to create your bibliography & in-text citations when you are writing your paper!