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Journalism - Evaluating News and Information: Images and Videos

This guide offers background on types of information and tips for analyzing sources in order to become an active information consumer and responsible journalist

Tools for Verifying Images and Videos

Verifying Video

Geolocation Tools

Video: Photo Fact-Checking in the Digital Age 

News Literacy Project’s program manager Mary Owens walks the viewer through the methods that she uses to fact-check photos that get posted and shared on social media. 

Source: American Press Insiitute

Length: 6:31 minutes

Berenstein or Berenstien? - Error Level Analysis

There was a claim that the true name of the Berenstain Bears is Berenstein. So we did an error level analysis of the image. 

You can see from the error-level analysis that the text has been edited. The correct name Berenstain was taken from the authors, Stan and Jan Berenstain. 

 

Error Level Analysis using FotoForensics

Edges

Similar edges should have similar brightness in the ELA result. All high-contrast edges should look similar to each other, and all low-contrast edges should look similar. With an original photo, low-contrast edges should be almost as bright as high-contrast edges.

Textures

Similar textures should have similar coloring under ELA. Areas with more surface detail, such as a close-up of a basketball, will likely have a higher ELA result than a smooth surface.

Surfaces

Regardless of the actual color of the surface, all flat surfaces should have about the same coloring under ELA.

Video: Verifying Images and Videos

Tips from Buzzfeed journalists on how to verify images/videos, including: reverse image search for images, and taking a screenshot of videos and using reverse image search on the screenshot

Source: NewsWise

Length: 2:39 minutes

 

Video: How to Spot Manipulated Video

A companion video to the article "Seeing Isn't Believing: The Fact Checker's Guide to Manipulated Video" which includes tips on spotting Manipulated Video, broken down into three categories:

Missing context: The video is unaltered but it is presented in a way that lacks or misstates the context in which events occurred.

Misrepresentation is using incorrect framing of a video that misleads the viewer.

Isolation is sharing a brief clip from a longer video, creating a false narrative.

Deceptive edit: The video has been edited or re-arranged.

Omission is editing out large portions of a video to skew reality.

Splicing is editing together different videos to fundamentally change a story.

Malicious transformation: The video has been manipulated to transform the footage itself.

Doctoring is altering the frames of a video — cropping, changing speed, using Photoshop, dubbing audio, or adding or deleting visual information to deceive the viewer.

Fabrication is using artificial intelligence to make high-quality fake images.
 

Source: Washinton Post

Duration: 5:32 minutes

Video: Searching for Geolocated Posts on YouTube 

Details how you can search YouTube uploads by date, time and location to find the original version of a video.

Source: First Draft

Length: 1:18 minutes

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