News Literacy Project’s program manager Mary Owens walks the viewer through the methods that she uses to fact-check photos that get posted and shared on social media.
Source: American Press Insiitute
Length: 6:31 minutes
There was a claim that the true name of the Berenstain Bears is Berenstein. So we did an error level analysis of the image.
You can see from the error-level analysis that the text has been edited. The correct name Berenstain was taken from the authors, Stan and Jan Berenstain.
Error Level Analysis using FotoForensics
Similar edges should have similar brightness in the ELA result. All high-contrast edges should look similar to each other, and all low-contrast edges should look similar. With an original photo, low-contrast edges should be almost as bright as high-contrast edges.
Similar textures should have similar coloring under ELA. Areas with more surface detail, such as a close-up of a basketball, will likely have a higher ELA result than a smooth surface.
Regardless of the actual color of the surface, all flat surfaces should have about the same coloring under ELA.
Tips from Buzzfeed journalists on how to verify images/videos, including: reverse image search for images, and taking a screenshot of videos and using reverse image search on the screenshot
Length: 2:39 minutes
A companion video to the article "Seeing Isn't Believing: The Fact Checker's Guide to Manipulated Video" which includes tips on spotting Manipulated Video, broken down into three categories:
Missing context: The video is unaltered but it is presented in a way that lacks or misstates the context in which events occurred.
Misrepresentation is using incorrect framing of a video that misleads the viewer.
Isolation is sharing a brief clip from a longer video, creating a false narrative.
Deceptive edit: The video has been edited or re-arranged.
Omission is editing out large portions of a video to skew reality.
Splicing is editing together different videos to fundamentally change a story.
Malicious transformation: The video has been manipulated to transform the footage itself.
Doctoring is altering the frames of a video — cropping, changing speed, using Photoshop, dubbing audio, or adding or deleting visual information to deceive the viewer.
Fabrication is using artificial intelligence to make high-quality fake images.
Source: Washinton Post
Duration: 5:32 minutes
There are lots of ways the libraries can support you!
Get research assistance from the MU Libraries' staff via email, phone, or in person at the library. There's also a searchable list of frequently asked questions. You can chat with a librarian 24 hours a day (M-F) and Saturday and Sundays starting at 10 a.m. You can contact your subject librarian to ask questions or to set up an appointment to meet one-on-one.
Call Us: 573-882-3362 | Text Us Your Questions: 573-535-6818