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World War I Microforms

Confidential U.S. Diplomatic Post Records. Japan, Part 1, 1914-1918.

Frederick, MD: University Publications of America, 1983
11 reel(s)

Dispatches, letters, telegrams, and reports originating in the various United States diplomatic posts in Japan are included in this collection. The documents are arranged first by year, then chronologically under subject headings for that year. The subjects include commercial relations, relations of state, and internal affairs of state. Specific topics covered include: trade policies between Japan and other countries, German interests in China, neutral rights, financial conditions in Japan, agriculture, industry and transportation development in Japan, Japanese seizure of German possessions, and Japanese relations with China and Russia. These records are part of the National Archives record groups 59 and 84. Related National Archives collections available are Records of the Department of State Relating to Internal Affairs of Japan, 1910-29 (M 422), Records of the Department of State Relating to Political Relations Between the United States and Japan, 1910-1929 (M 423) and Records of the Department of State Relating to Political Relations Between Japan and Other States, 1910-29 (M 424).



Confidential U.S. diplomatic post records: Japan. Part 1, 1914-1918 [guide] PDF

The guide contains a table of contents and a list of documents filmed. Also available under call number E183.8.J3 C6 1983.

Confidential U.S. Diplomatic Post Records: Russia and the Soviet Union. Part 1, Russia from Czar to Commissars, 1914-1918.

Frederick, MD.: University Publications of America, 1982
10 reel(s)

This collection contains American diplomatic reports from Russia. The reports deal with numerous subjects: the political and economic consequences of World War I, the military situation, the collapse of the Czarist regime and the establishment of the Provisional Government in the February Revolution, conflict between the Provisional Government and General Kornilov, the Russo-Japanese Entente, the Bolshevik coup d’etat in the October Revolution, activities of the Polish Provisional Government, the political situation in Romania, the Causasus, Estonia, Latvia, and the Ukraine, the question of recognition of the Soviet government by the Allies, the first meeting of the Soviet Congress, Soviet foreign policy, Trotsky, the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, the arrival of Allied forces into Russia and the Russian response to them, the YMCA and the Red Cross relief activities, and the beginnings of the Soviet Political Police (the Cheka). The records are taken from National Archives record groups 84 and 59.



Confidential U.S. diplomatic post records : [guides] PDF

The guide provides a reel index. Also available under call number E183.8.R9 C58 1982.

Germany. Auswartiges Amt. [Aktenzeichen] Russland 61: Allgemeine Angelegenheiten Russlands.

Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1953
National Archives microfilm publications. Microcopy no. T 139; v. National Archives record group 242
2 reel(s)

reels 147-148
Selected reels from the microfilmed records of the German Foreign Ministry Archives (1867-1920) relate to Russia and Rumania. Telegrams, letters, and reports describe Russian domestic and military affairs from March 20, to October 28, 1918. In the spring of 1918, Russia withdrew from World War I and began peace talks with Germany. On March 3, Russia and Germany signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The Bolsheviks had gained control of the government, but during the summer, civil war continued between the Communists and the anti-Communists. Nicholas II and his family as well as Count von Mirbach, the German ambassador, were assassinated. The papers provide a German perspective on the events during that period. The National Archives title of this collection is Records of the German Foreign Office Received by the Department of State from the University of California (Project 1) and are part of their collection of Foreign Records Seized 1941-.

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Germany. Auswartiges Amt. Papers of German Diplomats. (Nachlasse and Asservate), 1833-1927. (American Historical Association Project II).

Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1958
National Archives microfilm publications. Microcopy no. T 291; v. National Archives record group 242.
3 reel(s)

Selected microfilm reels contain the papers of various German diplomats. On reel five, the Paul Weitz papers include correspondence related to his business interests in Constantinople (Istanbul). They also contain letters from the families of the Prince of Ratibor and Corvey and the Prince of Schonborg-Waldenburg. The Hans Rudolf Erick von Miguel papers contain essays about Paris, St. Petersburg (Leningrad), and Constantinople. On the sixth reel, the papers of Paul von Hintze an envoy to Peking who became a state-secretary in 1918, contain material from a committee of inquiry into the possibilities of peace in 1917. The papers also explore Papal peace efforts, peace with France and Italy, and private peace initiatives. On the seventh reel, papers originally belonging to Crown-Prince Friedrich Wilhelm, discuss politics from 1879 to 1881 and the assassination of Alexander II of Russia. Other papers on the final reel belonged to Sass, head of the library and political archives of the German Foreign Ministry, and Magnus, who wrote reports on Mexico in 1866 and 1877. The papers are part of the National Archives' collection of seized World War II enemy records.

3 selected microfilm reels (no. 5, 6, 7). Each section is preceded by a table of contents.

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Great Britain. Foreign Office. Correspondence Respecting China, 1848-1922. F.O. 405, 1-239.

London: Public Record Office, 1967
33 reel(s)

By 1848, when this collection of official correspondence begins, Britain had established a sphere of influence in China at Canton. She continued to extend that sphere in the face of competition from other European nations and Japan. Britain also faced considerable hostility from Chinese nationalists. This hostility resulted in the "Arrow" War, the Taiping Rebellion, and the Boxer Rebellion. By 1922, the nationalist Kuomintang party under Sun Yat-sen had overthrown the Manchu dynasty, established the Republic of China, and faced rebellions from local warlords and the Chinese Communists under Mao Tse-tung. The correspondence differs in focus, from specific incidents, such as an attack on British subjects, or specific subjects, such as railways in China, to general correspondence for a stated period.

The correspondence is grouped by subject. A list of correspondence appears at the beginning of each group.

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Great Britain. Foreign Office. Further Correspondence Respecting the Affairs of North America, 1912-1921. F.O. 414.

London: Public Record Office, 1967 
3 reel(s)

The official correspondence in this collection from 1913 through 1915 focuses primarily on the situation in revolutionary Mexico. Correspondents discuss the mounting tension between the United States and the Huerta regime and examine the security of British citizens and property in Mexico. They also communicate the current political situation in the United States, concerns about the Panama Canal, and demands for rights in the seal fisheries off the Pribiloff Islands. After 1916, the correspondence includes such topics as the Pan-American Conference, the debate over the League of Nations in the United States Congress, post-World War I territorial adjustments, and especially the Washington Conference of 1921.

A table of contents appears at the beginning of each group of letters. Ellis Library has numbers 235-248.

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Great Britain. Public Record Office. Memoranda: 1915 to 1922. Cab. 24.

London: Public Record Office, 1967
31 reel(s)

Papers prepared by ministers and officials that were printed and circulated to the British Cabinet from 1915 to 1922 are included. Their purpose was to initiate discussion of new policies, to state arguments for and against proposals made by ministers or departments, or simply to provide background information on topics to be discussed by the Cabinet. Although matters discussed at Cabinet meetings were frequently raised verbally by a minister, the most common method of bringing any subject to the attention of the Cabinet was by circulation of printed or typewritten memoranda in advance of a meeting. Among matters discussed were expenditures, activities of the League of Nations, foreign relations, postwar planning, and colonial matters. Included are memoranda circulated to the War Cabinet (December 1916 – October 1919).

(List and index society series. V. 29, 41, 52, 156). These indexes provide subject access to the collection.

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Great Britain. Public Record Office. List & Index Society Series

Great Britain. Public Record Office. The records of the Cabinet Office to 1922.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Minutes and Conclusions of the War Cabinet and Cabinet. Cab. 23/1-47, 61-67, 81-88.

London: Public Record Office, 1967
16 reel(s)

Minutes and conclusions of the War Cabinet, formed on December 9, 1916, span the period from 1916 to 1937. Subjects discussed are naval, military, domestic, and diplomatic matters such as news from the battle fronts, troop movements, disposition of guns and munitions, man-power planning, agreements with other countries, and peace proposals. Later meetings discuss reparations, treaties, shipping, continuing problems in Ireland, and foreign relations. The papers provide an unambiguous statement of each decision reached, a general synopsis of the expert evidence upon which conclusions were based, and a general summary of the arguments for and against the decisions made.

(List and index society series. V. 40, 51, 61, 62, 92, 100). These guides provide subject access. An index on reels 14-16 also provides subject access.

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Great Britain. Public Record Office. List & Index Society Series

Great Britain. Public Record Office. The records of the Cabinet Office to 1922

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Papers of the Committee of Imperial Defense, 1888-1914: Cab 38, 1-28.

London: Public Record Office, 1967 
9 reel(s)

In 1902 the Defense Committee of the Cabinet, formed in 1895, reorganized to include not only Cabinet ministers, but also heads of the Army and Navy. In 1904, the Prime Minister took the responsibility of the chairmanship, with absolute discretion in the selection of other members. The committee considered questions of defense against invasion both at home, and in particular, overseas territories. Memoranda concern subjects such as the Russian threat to India in Afghanistan and Persia (Iran), Egyptian defense, the Suez Canal, the Far East, national insurance of war risks, mine defenses, censorship, Russian navy movements, possible military action against Germany, and use of wireless telegraphy.


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Great Britain. Public Record Office. List of papers of the Committee of Imperial Defence to 1914 [by A. W. Mabbs]

The guide provides a chronological list of documents as they appear on the film. Subject content notes are provided.

Great Britain. Public Record Office. Papers of the War Council, Dardanelles Committee and War Committee, 1914-1916: Cab 42, 1-26.

London: Public Record Office, 1967
8 reel(s)

In November 1914, the Cabinet of Great Britain appointed a War Council to consider general matters of war policy. The War Council existed only six months. In May 1915, the Coalition government created the Dardanelles Committee to review operations in the Dardanelles and Gallipoli. Replacing the War Council, it extended its deliberations to more general strategic and operational problems. On November 3, 1915, the War Committee superseded the Dardanelles Committee. For the thirteen months of its existence, committee's agenda covered the whole range of naval and military operations and the more general aspects of war policy. By the later part of 1916, it had assumed a considerable measure of executive authority in the day-to-day conduct of the war. It dealt with complicated problems of production, manpower, food supply, shipping, and other matters affecting the war effort, as well as diplomatic relations with allies and neutral countries.



Great Britain. Public Record Office. List of Cabinet papers, 1880-1914.

Imperial War Museum (Great Britain). Women at Work Collection from the Imperial War Museum.

Brighton, Sussex: Harvester Microforms, 1984 
91 reel(s)

This extensive documentary record including diaries, correspondence, reports, press clippings, leaflets, pamphlets, and photographs depicts the role of women primarily in Britain during the first World War (1914-1918). Topics include women's employment, women's involvement in benevolent organizations and overseas service, and women's education. Also included are local records from English cities, towns, and counties.



The Women at work collection from the Imperial War Museum, Lambeth, London

Miller, David Hunter. My Diary at the Conference of Paris.

New York: Appeal Printing Co., 1924
10 reel(s)

David Hunter Miller was appointed as legal adviser to the United States delegation to the Paris Peace Conference in 1918 by Secretary of State, Robert Lansing. He worked closely with Colonel House and helped write the final draft of the Treaty of Versailles. This collection contains a diary, dictated daily at the Peace Conference, and a large number of minutes, reports, and other documents Miller felt were significant to the proceedings. They are arranged under descriptive titles located in the table of contents preceding each volume.

Contains 21 volumes plus maps of the various councils and committees at the Paris Peace Conference in 1918 after WWI.. Miller was the legal advisor to the American Commission to Negotiate Peace. Vol. I: Diary, memoranda, personnel. Vol. II: Documents 1-104. Vol. III: Documents 105-215. Vol. IV: Documents 216-304. Vol. V: Documents 305-424. Vol. VI: Documents 425-547. Vol. VII: Documents 548-710. Vol. VIII: Documents 711-835. Vol. IX: Documents 836-1008. Vol. X: Belgium and Denmark. Greece. Morocco. Poland and Ukraine. Vols. XI-XII: Ports, waterways and railways. Vol. XIII: New states (Minorities).Vols. XIV-XVI: Minutes of the Supreme Council. Vols. XVII-XVIII: Bulletins. Vol. XIX: Annotations. Vol. XX: Conference minutes, miscellaneous papers. Vol. XXI: Indexes, errata, and corrections, separate maps, A-Q.

(Microfilmed by Columbia University Library, New York, NY, 1940.) Printed for the author, this is a microfilm edition of copy #12.


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United States. Department of State. Correspondence of Secretary of State Bryan with President Wilson, 1913-1915.

Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, 1953 
National Archives microfilm publications. Microcopy no. T 841; v. National Archives record group 59.
4 reel(s)

This collection includes letters from President Wilson to Secretary of State William J. Bryan and copies and/or drafts of letters from the secretary to the president. Occasionally, material from other sources surfaces: notes from foreign embassies, reports from American diplomats abroad, and letters from lobbyists. The largest part of the correspondence concerns Latin American affairs, especially the Mexican Civil War and the involvement of the United States in the internal affairs of the Central American states. There is some material dealing with the problems arising from the outbreak of the First World War: the question of neutral shipping, submarine warfare, British blockade of continental Europe, and attempts of the United States and other neutral countries at mediation. Starting with the third reel, an increasing proportion of the correspondence deals with the relations in the United States-China-Japan triangle.

National Archives Microfilm Publications, p. 92, gives the inclusive dates covered on each reel.

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United States. National Archives and Records Service. Catalog of national archives microfilm publications.