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Negro, Black and African-American Census Reports: 1970

General Population and Demographics: Nineteenth Census - 1970

Overview - 1970 Census
Census Bureau

Index of Questions - Population
Census Bureau

Index of Questions - Housing
Census Bureau

Census of Population and Housing
Census Bureau

The Changing Economics and Demographics of Young Adulthood, 1975-2016
Census Bureau

Characteristics of Negro Immigrants to Selected Metropolitan Areas: 1970.
ERIC

Distribution of Negro population, by county (PC-S1-1)
Hathi Trust
Census Bureau

Facts and Figures on Older Americans: State Trends 1950-1970 (includes the older Negro population)
ERIC

General Demographic Trends for Metropolitan Areas, 1960 to 1970 PHC(2)
     Census of Population and Housing:
          No. 1-26 - Title Page [PDF], ZIP [132.2 MB]
          No. 27-52 - Title Page [PDF], ZIP [135.6 MB]

Mobility of the Population of the United States: March 1969 to March 1970 (P-20-210)
Hathi Trust

Negro population.
Census Bureau
ERIC
WorldCat

Negro population as percent of total population by counties of the United States1970.
WorldCat

Negro population in selected places and selected counties (PC-S1-2)
Census Bureau

Percent change in the Negro population by counties of the United States, 1960 to 1970.
WorldCat

Race of the Population by County (PC-S1-104)
Census Bureau

Social facts by census tracts from the United States census, 1970: white, black, Spanish
Internet Archive

We, the Black Americans.
ERIC (Citation only)

Who We Are

Statistical Abstract

1970 - 1971 - 1972 - 1973 - 1974 - 1975 - 1976 - 1977 - 1978 - 1979

Mobility

Geographical Mobility/Mobility of the Population of the U.S.:
March 1975 to March 1976 
(P-20-305) Census Bureau
March 1975 to March 1977 (P-20-320) Census Bureau
March 1970 to March 1973 (P-20-262) Census Bureau
March 1970 to March 1974 (P-20-273) Census Bureau
March 1970 to March 1975 (P-20-285) Census Bureau
March 1975 to March 1978 (P-20-331) Census Bureau
March 1975 to March 1979 (P-20-353) Census Bureau
March 1975 to March 1980 (P-20-368) Census Bureau

The Great Migration, 1910 to 1970 (Infographic)
Census Bureau  

Migration by Educational Attainment for the U.S. (PC-S1-46)
Census Bureau

Mobility for States and the Nation (PC-2-2B)
Census Bureau

Education

Characteristics of Black Postsecondary Students (National Center for Education Statistics)
ERIC

College Plans of High School Seniors:
October 1972 
(P-20-252) Census Bureau
October 1973 (P-20-270) Census Bureau
October 1974 (P-20-284) Census Bureau
October 1976 (P-20-299) Census Bureau

Displacement of Black educators in desegregating public schools. Washington; for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off., 1972
Hathi Trust

Educational Attainment:
March 1970
(P-20-207) Census Bureau
March 1971 (P-20-229) Census Bureau
March 1972 (P-20-243) Census Bureau
March 1973 and 1974 (P-20-274) Census Bureau
March 1975 (P-20-295) Census Bureau
March 1977 and 1976 (P-20-314) Census Bureau
March 1979 and 1978 (P-20-356) Census Bureau

Educational Attainment (PC-2-5B)
Census Bureau

Educational Attainment in 30 Selected Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas: 1970 (P-20-227)
Hathi Trust

Educational Attainment by Age, Sex and Race for the United States: 1970 (PC-S1-36)
Census Bureau

A Half-Century of Learning: Historical Statistics on Educational Attainment in the United States, 1940 to 2000
Census Bureau

Living Arrangements of College Students: October 1976 (P-20-348)
Census Bureau

Major Field of Study of College Students
October 1974 (P-20-289) Census Bureau
October 1978 (P-20-351) Census Bureau

Nursery School and Kindergarten Enrollment of Children and Labor Force Status of Their Mothers:
October 1967 to October 1973
 (P-20-268) Census Bureau
October 1967 to October 1976 (P-20-318) Census Bureau

Relative Progress of Children in School: 1976 (P-20-337)
Census Bureau

School Enrollment in the United States: 1970 (P-20-215)
Census Bureau

School Enrollment (PC-2-5A)
Census Bureau

School Enrollment: October 1970 (P-20-222)
Hathi Trust

School Enrollment: October 1979 (Advance Report) (P-20-355)
Census Bureau

Social and Economic Characteristics of Students:
October 1971 
(P-20-241) Census Bureau
October 1972 (P-20-260) Census Bureau
October 1973 (P-20-272) Census Bureau
October 1974 (P-20-286) Census Bureau
October 1975 (P-20-303) Census Bureau
October 1976 (P-20-319) Census Bureau
October 1977 (P-20-333) Census Bureau
October 1978 (P-20-346) Census Bureau
October 1979  (P-20-360) Census Bureau

Toward the maintenance of quality graduate education in historically black colleges and universities; a report of the Office of Education working conference-meeting. (Washington : Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Office of Education, 1976), also by Working Conference-Meeting of Deans of Black Graduate Schools
Hathi Trust

Travel to School: October 1978 (P-20-342)
Census Bureau

Vocational School Experience: October 1976 (P-20-343)
Census Bureau

Vocational Training (PC-2-5C)
Census Bureau

Poverty, Employment and Income

A century of change: the U.S. labor force, 1950–2050 
BLS

The Changing Economics and Demographics of Young Adulthood, 1975-2016
Census Bureau

Characteristics of the Low-Income Population:
1970
 (P-60-81) Census Bureau
1971 (P-60-86) Census Bureau
1972 (P-60-91) Census Bureau

Characteristics of the Population Below Poverty Level:
1973 
(P-60-98) Census Bureau
1974 (P-60-102) Census Bureau
1975 (P-60-106) Census Bureau
1976 (P-60-115) Census Bureau
1977 (P-60-119) Census Bureau
1978 (P-60-124) Census Bureau
1979 (P-60-130) Census Bureau

Differences Between Incomes of White and Negro Families by Work Experience of Wife and Region: 1970, 1969 and 1959  (P-23-39)
Hathi Trust

Differences Between Incomes of White and Negro Families by Regions, 1969 and 1959 (P-23-38)

Employment Status and Work Experience (PC-2-6A)
Census Bureau

Government Workers (PC-2-7D)
Census Bureau

Graphic Summary of the 1977 Economic Censuses (EC-77-GS)
Census Bureau

Income of the Farm-Related Population (PC-2-8C)
Census Bureau

Industrial Characteristics (PC-2-7B)
Census Bureau

Journey to Work (PC-2-6D)
Census Bureau

Low-Income Neighborhoods in Large Cities (PC-S1-65-103)
Census Bureau

Measuring the Effects of Benefits and Taxes on Income and Poverty: 1979 to 1991 (P-60-182RD)
Census Bureau 

Negro Occupational status and education: special analysis under the 'Negro Employment in the Severn Southern SMSA's study.
ERIC

Black Americans: A Chartbook: Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics No. 1699, 1971. Sylvia S. Small,
BLS
Black Americans: A Decade of Occupational Change: Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, No. 1731, 1972. Sylvia S. Small.
BLS

Black Americans: A Decade of Occupational Change: Bulletin of the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, No. 1760, 1972. Sylvia S. Small.
BLS

Occupational Characteristics (PC-2-7A)
Census Bureau

Occupation and Residence: 1965 and 1970 (PC-2-7E)
Census Bureau

Occupations of Persons with High Earnings (PC-2-7F)
Census Bureau

Persons Not Employed (PC-2-6B)
Census Bureau

Poverty Increases by 1.2 Million in 1970 (P-60-77)
Census Bureau

Selected Characteristics of the Population in Low-Income Areas in Large Cities (PC-S1-56)
Census Bureau

Social and Economic Characteristics of the Population in Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Areas: 1970 and 1960. (P-23-37)
Hathi Trust

Social and economic conditions of Negroes in the United States
1970 (P23-38) Hathi Trust
1971 (P23-42) Hathi Trust
1972 (P23-46) Hathi Trust
1973 (P23-48) Hathi Trust
1974 (P23-54) Hathi Trust

The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978.
ERIC (full-text)
WorldCat

Supplementary Report on the Low-Income Population: 1966 to 1972 (P-60-95)
Census Bureau

Veterans (PC-2-6E)
Census Bureau

Households, Children, Marriage and Divorce

Age at First Marriage (PC-2-4D)
Census Bureau

Characteristics of American Youth: 1970 (P-23-34)
Hathi Trust

Characteristics of Negro Immigrants to Selected Metropolitan Areas (PC-S1-47)
Census Bureau

Childspacing and Fertility (PC-2-3B)
Census Bureau

Daytime Care of Children: October 1974 and February 1975 (P-20-298)
Census Bureau

Differences between incomes of white and negro families by work experience of wife and region: 1970, 1969, and 1959.
WorldCat

Differences Between Incomes of White and Negro Families by Region, 1969 and 1959 (P-23-35)
Hathi Trust

Family Composition (PC-2-4A)
Census Bureau

Household and Family Characteristics:
March 1978
(P-20-340) Census Bureau 
March 1979 (P-20-352) Census Bureau

Household and Family Characteristics: March 1970 (P-20-218)
Hathi Trust

Marital Status (PC-2-4C)
Census Bureau

Marital Status and Family Status: March 1970 (P-20-212)
Hathi Trust

Marital Status and Living Arrangements: March 1971 (P-20-225)
Hathi Trust

Marriage, Divorce and Remarriage by Year of Birth: June 1971 (P-20-239)
Census Bureau

Number, Timing and Duration of Marriages and Divorces in the United States: June 1975 (P-20-297)
Census Bureau

Persons in Institutions and Other Group Quarters (PC-2-4E)
Census Bureau

Previous and Prospective Fertility: 1967 (P-20-211)
Hathi Trust

Racial Succession in Individual Housing Units 1978 (P-23-71)
ERIC

Selected Characteristics of Persons and Families: March 1970 (P-20-204)
Hathi Trust

Elections and Voting

Projections of the Population of the Voting Age, for States:
November 1974 
(P-25-526) Census Bureau
November 1976 (P-25-626) Census Bureau
November 1978 (P-25-732) Census Bureau

Population of Voting Age for States (PC-S1-3)
Census Bureau

Registration and Voting in November 1976 - Jurisdictions Covered by the Voting RIghts Act Amendments of 1975 (P-23-074)
Census Bureau

Voting and Registration in the Election of
November 1972 
(P-20-253) Census Bureau
November 1974 (P-20-293) Census Bureau 
November 1976 (P-20-322) Census Bureau

 

Other Reports

Body dimensions and proportions, white and Negro children, 6-11 years,
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

Body weight, stature, and sitting height: White and Negro youths 12-17 years.
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

Racial succession in individual housing units (P-23-71)
Hathi Trust

Images

Census enumerator talking with a family

For the 1970 census, most inhabitants of the United States received questionnaires in their mailboxes. Households completed the questionnaires and returned them (by mail) to the U.S. Census Bureau. Households that did not receive a mailed questionnaire (or those that did not return their questionnaire) were visited by an enumerator. The enumerator completed a questionnaire for the households during a personal interview. (link)

map city population 1970
City population 1970 (link)