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Negro, Black and African-American Census Reports: 1890

Eleventh Census - 1890

Overview - 1890 Census
Census Bureau

Index of Questions
Census Bureau

Report of the population of the United States Census of Population and Housing
Census Bureau

Volume 1: Report on Population of the United States at the Eleventh Census
Part 1 - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 138.3 MB]
Part 2 - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 105.6 MB]

Volume 4: Report on Vital and Social Statistics in the United States
Part 1: Analysis and Tables
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 101.1 MB]

Part 2: Cities of 100,000 population and upward
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 102.2 MB]

Part 3: Statistics of Deaths
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 79.8 MB]

Part 4: Statistics of Deaths
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 81.5 MB]

Volume 5: Reports on the statistics of agriculture in the United States, agriculture by irrigation in the western part of the United States, and statistics of fisheries in the United States.
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 165.2 MB]

Volume 9: Report on Statistics of Churches in the United States in the United States (pages 713 and 795-812 missing)
Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 127.0 MB]

United States, Porter, R. P., & Wright, C. D. (1900). [Census reports] Eleventh census: 1890. Washington: Govt. Print. Off. [15 volumes]
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

United States & Billings, John S. (1994) Report on vital and social statistics in the United States. New York: Norman Ross Publishing. 4 volumes.
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

United States and Gannett, Henry (1898) Statistical Atlas of the United States, based upon the results of the eleventh census. 69 pages.
Library of Congress
WorldCat 

United States. (1894) Abstract of the eleventh census: 1890.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

United States. (1896) Abstract of the eleventh census: 1890 (2d ed. rev. and enl.)
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

United States. (1892-1897) Compendium of the eleventh census: 1890.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.Arno Press, 1968. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

Negro Population of Fifty Cities: 1880 to 1930 Release N-34. 76 pages.
Newberry.org

United States., & McKenney, N. D. R. (1979). The social and economic status of the Black population in the United States: An historical view, 1790-1978. Washington: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Current Population Reports, Special Studies, Series P-23, No. 80. 270 pages.
ERIC (full-text)
WorldCat

Other Reports

Education of the Negro, 1869-1903. Office of Education. 76 pages.
Hathi Trust

Blodgett, J. H., & United States. (1893). Report on education in the United States at the eleventh census, 1890. Washington, D.C: G.P.O. 141 pages.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

Wines, F. H., & United States. (1895). Report on crime, pauperism and benevolence in the United States at the eleventh census, 1890. Washington, D.C: G.P.O. [Volume III] 411 pages.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

Holmes, George K., Lord, John S. & United States (1896) Report on farms and homes: proprietorship and indebtedness in the United States. [Volume XIII]
Hathi Trust
WorldCat 

Report on the insane, feeble-minded, deaf and dumb, and blind in the United States at the eleventh census. [Volume II] 755 pages.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat 

Hunt, W. C. & United States. (1896). Special census report on the occupations of the populations of the United States at the eleventh census: 1890. Washington, D.C: Government Printing Office. 127 pages.
Hathi Trust 
WorldCat

Statistical Abstract

1890 no digital copy - 1891 - 1892 - 1893 - 1894 - 1895 - 1896 - 1897 - 1898 - 1899

Images

An 1890 map illustrating the distribution of the Black population in the United States

An 1890 map illustrating the distribution of the Black population in the United States. (link)

The 1890 census was the first to use punchcards and an electrical tabulation system.

The 1890 census was the first to use punchcards and an electrical tabulation system. (link)

Six generations of an African-American family.

Six generations. (link)

The Holerith tabulation system transferred information from the census schedules to paper punch cards using a pantograph.

The Holerith tabulation system transferred information from the census schedules to paper punch cards using a pantograph. The punch cards measured 3.25 by 7.375 inches and contained 12 rows of 20 columns. (Cards used in later censuses had additional columns to collect more data.) Each position in a row and column corresponded to a specific data entry on the census schedule. Census Bureau clerks using pantographs could prepare approximately 500 cards per day.  (link)

Negro population of Georgia by counties. 1890.

Negro population of Georgia by counties. 1890. Diagram shows map of Georgia with colors to mark the number of African Americans in each county. (link)

Interior of Negro store, Buffalo, N.Y.

Interior of Negro store, Buffalo, N.Y. (link)

5 female Negro officers of Women's League, Newport, R.I

Five female Negro officers of Women's League, Newport, R.I. (link)

map city population 1890
City population 1890 (link)