Overview - 1800 Census
Index of Questions
(1802). Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States. Washington City: Printed at the Apollo Press, by Wm. Duane & Son. 88 pages.
Total Population; total free persons; all other free persons; free white male and female under 10, 10-15, 16-25, 26-44, 45 and older. Slaves free and colored: male and female
Darlington Digital Library
(1990). Fifth census, or, enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, 1830: To which is prefixed a schedule of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States, taken according to the acts of 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820
United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition..
U.S. Marshals conducting the 1800 census used whatever paper they had available to collect the information required. Marshals completed the census schedule based on their interpretation of how best to collect the required information. For this reason, census schedules differ from state to state, and city to city. (link)
City Population, 1800 (link)