Skip to main content

Negro, Black and African-American Census Reports: 1790

First Census - 1790

Overview: 1790 Census
Census Bureau

(1950). Return of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States, according to "An act providing for the enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States": Passed March the first, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-one [i.e. 1790]. Philadelphia: Childs and Swaine.
Free whites: male and female. Free white Male: under 16, and 16 and older. Slaves and free colored: male and female. For states, counties and some localities
Census Bureau

Hathi Trust

(1793) Census of Population and Housing
Census Bureau

          Heads of Families at the First Census of the United States in the year 1790
   Connecticut - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 60.6 MB]
   Maine - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 20.3 MB]
   Maryland - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 38.2 MB]
   Massachusetts - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 81.4 MB]
   New Hampshire - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 30.5 MB]
   New York - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 74.0 MB]
   North Carolina - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 107.4 MB]
   Pennsylvania - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 94.8 MB]
   Rhode Island - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 14.3 MB]
   South Carolina - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 54.2 MB]
   Vermont - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 21.9 MB]
   Virginia - Title Page [PDF], Full Document [ZIP, 67.7 MB]

United States., Cummings, J., & Hill, J. A. (1969). Negro population in the United States, 1790-1915. New York: Kraus Reprint. 844 pages. : illus., maps. Reprint of 1918 edition.
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

Newman, D. L. (1974). List of free Black heads of families in the first census of the United States, 1790. Washington: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration. 44 pages
Hathi Trust
WorldCat

The Social and Economic Status of the Black Population in the United States: An Historical View, 1790-1978. (1985). Washington, D.C: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. 271 pages
ERIC (full-text)
WorldCat

(1990). Fifth census, or, enumeration of the inhabitants of the United States, 1830: To which is prefixed a schedule of the whole number of persons within the several districts of the United States, taken according to the acts of 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820. 165 pages.
WorldCat

(1909) A century of population growth: from the first census of the United States to the twelfth, 1790-1900. Washington, D.C. : G.P.O. 303 pages
Hathi Trust

Images

First page of the publication containing the results of the 1790 census.

First page of the publication containing the results of the 1790 census. (link)

1790 Census Act

Front view of the act, signed by President George Washington on March 1, 1790, authorizing the nation's first census. (link)

This map illustrates the population of the United States following the 1790 census

This map illustrates the population of the United States following the 1790 census. (link)


City Population, 1790 (link)